Virtually all upper respiratory tract infections get better without any specific treatment. The best you can do is use the methods described above to ease symptoms. The child should see the doctor if he refuses to drink fluids, vomits frequently, complains of intense headache or is pale and sleepy,

has difficulty breathing, or has a high fever that does not respond to paracetamol. You should also see your doctor if the child does not show some improvement in 48 hours, or if you are worried.

It is virtually impossible to prevent a child from getting upper respiratory tract infections. There is no value in giving him vitamins in the mistaken belief that this or children. They are given only to those who have a serious chest condition, such as cystic fibrosis or severe asthma requiring steroids, those children who have a depressed immune system, or those who have a chronic medical condition.

What to do when the kids get sick: when to call the child’s doctor

Whereas the overwhelming majority of childhood colds cure them’ selves without complications, there are times when the infection leads to something more serious. The medical magazine Contemporary Pediatrics has issued the recommendations that follow.

Call the child’s physician immediately—at any time of the day or night—for any of the following:

  • A fever in a child of over 104 ° F.
  • A fever in an infant under 2 months of age of over 100.4°F.
  • The child is having great difficulty breathing even after you have cleared the nose of mucus.
  • The child is so irritable that he or she cannot be comforted.
  • The child is very lethargic and can’t be awakened.

Call the child’s physician during office hours if any of the following problems arise:

  • An earache or bad headache.
  • Yellow discharge or pus from the eyes.
  • A fever lasting more than 4 days.
  • Raw, possibly infected skin under the nostrils.
  • Noticeable wheezing or a change in the child’s normal breathing pattern.